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Showing posts from September, 2006

Magna Carta

Clauses marked (+) are still valid under the charter of 1225, but with a few minor amendments. Clauses marked (*) were omitted in all later reissues of the charter. In the charter itself the clauses are not numbered, and the text reads continuously. The translation sets out to convey the sense rather than the precise wording of the original Latin.


JOHN, by the grace of God King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and Count of Anjou, to his archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, barons, justices, foresters, sheriffs, stewards, servants, and to all his officials and loyal subjects, Greeting.

KNOW THAT BEFORE GOD, for the health of our soul and those of our ancestors and heirs, to the honour of God, the exaltation of the holy Church, and the better ordering of our kingdom, at the advice of our reverend fathers Stephen, archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, and cardinal of the holy Roman Church, Henry archbishop of Dublin, William bishop of London, Peter b…

Charter of the United Nations

June 26, 1945, 59 Stat. 1031, T.S. 993, 3 Bevans 1153, entered into force Oct. 24, 1945.

Preamble

WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED

to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and
to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and
to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,


AND FOR THESE ENDS

to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbors, and
to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and
to ensure by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common…

Kegagalan Peradilan (SPP) Anak

Oleh :
M. Jodi Santoso

Pada tahun 90-an, pernah mencuat kasus Andang, anak yang diduga mencuri burung merpati yang mendekam di tahanan dan bercampur dengan tahanan orang dewasa. Saat itu, UU tentang Pengadilan Anak belum ada. Kini, setelah 10 tahun sejak UU No. 3/1997 tentang Pengadilan Anak disahkan, Mohammad Azwar yang akrab dipanggali Raju mengalami nasip yang sama seperti Andang menghabiskan waktu di balik terali besi bersama tahanan orang dewasa. Ada tidaknya UU Pengadilan Anak tidak memberikan arti bagi anak nakal.


Perlindungan hak-hak anak yang bermasalah dengan hukum tidak dapat dipisahkan dari konsep perlindungan hak anak secara umum. Jaminan perlindungan hak-hak anak telah diatur dalam berbagai instrumen internasional antara lain : Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child of 1924, Universal Declararion of Human Rights of 1948, International Covenant On Civil And Political Right (Pasal 23 dan 24)(UU No. 12 Tahun 2005 tentang Pengesahan International Covenant On Civil And Po…

Piagam Madina

Preambule:
Dengan nama Allah Yang Maha Pengasih dan Maha Penyayang. Ini adalah piagam dari Muhammad, Rasulullah SAW, di kalangan mukminin dan muslimin (yang berasal) dari Quraisy dan Yatsrib (Madinah), dan yang mengikuti mereka, menggabungkan diri dan berjuang bersama mereka.

Pasal 1: Sesungguhnya mereka satu umat, lain dari (komunitas) manusia lain.

Pasal 2: Kaum Muhajirin (pendatang) dari Quraisy sesuai keadaan (kebiasaan) mereka, bahu-membahu membayar diat di antara mereka dan mereka membayar tebusan tawanan dengan cara yang baik dan adil di antara mukminin.

Pasal 3: Banu 'Awf, sesuai keadaan (kebiasaan) mereka, bahu-membahu membayar diat di antara mereka seperti semula, dan setiap suku membayar tebusan tawanan dengan baik dan adil di antara mukminin.

Pasal 4: Banu Sa'idah, sesuai keadaan (kebiasaan) mereka, bahu-membahu membayar diat di antara mereka (seperti) semula, dan setiap suku membayar tebusan tawanan dengan cara yang baik dan adil di antara mukminin.

Pasal 5: Banu al-Ha…