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"Habeas Corpus" (ad subjiciendum) means "You may have the body" (to produce it in court).
"Habeas Corpus" (ad subjiciendum)is an important instrument to safeguard individual freedom against arbitrary criminal process by police or other executive powers. The concept of habeas corpus is a fundamental part of the British legal system. the first mention of habeas corpus was in 1305, to the reign of England’s King Edward I. Habeas corpus is a writ, or written court order, that requires a person held by the authorities to be brought before the courts so the legality of their detention can be examined.
In America, the main principles were adopted in the US Constitution. (Habeas Corpus Act 1679) Article 1, Section 9, Clause 2
Habeas Corpus Act
31 Car. 2, c. 2 , 27 May 1679
Sunday, August 30, 2015